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The Law Office of Joan I. Norek

        Intellectual Property

            Chicago, Illinois

                                                             w w w . n o r e k l a w . c o m  
 

 

 


Copyrights

Copyright Directory
About Copyrights
Who Protects Copyrights
Copyright Myths
Copyright Internet Issues
About Registrations
Copyright Consultations
Registrations & Searches
Hyperlinking
Musical Groups
No Idea Protection
No Use Control
Self-Publishing
Slogans
Idea Theft
Work For Hire

 

 

 

Copyrights

Copyright Directory
About Copyrights
Who Protects Copyrights
Copyright Myths
Copyright Internet Issues
About Registrations
Copyright Consultations
Registrations & Searches
Hyperlinking
Musical Groups
No Idea Protection
No Use Control
Self-Publishing
Slogans
Idea Theft
Work For Hire

   

 

 


Work For Hire

Copyrights are created when an author creates a copyrightable work in a fixed medium.

The copyright immediately becomes the property of the individual who created the work or, if the work is "made for hire" (as not-quite-intuitively statutorily defined), the employer.

A work is a "work made for hire" (whereby the employer, not the employee, is considered the author and thus copyright owner) when:

1.    (Single prong)  The work was prepared by an employee (not all "hired" persons are employees) within the scope of his or her employment; or

2.    (Double prong)

a.    The parties expressly agree in a written instrument signed by them that the work shall be considered a work made for hire, and

b.    The work was specially ordered or commissioned for use as a:

-  Contribution to a collective work

-  Part of a motion picture or other audiovisual work

-  Translation

-  Supplemental work

-  Compilation

-  Instructional text

-  Test

-  Answer material for a test

-  Atlas

other topics - no idea protection, hyperlinking, slogans, registrations, about copyrights
 

questions, inquiries - contact the firm (all contact modes) or call 312.419.8055
 

 

 
       


The Law Office of Joan I. Norek
25 E. Washington Street, Suite 1400
Chicago, Illinois  60602
Tel.  312.419.8055   Fax 312.236.6686
Contact the Firm

 

Patents • Chemical Patents • Trademarks • Copyrights • Searches, Applications

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Copyright 2004 - 2014 Joan I. Norek, The Law Office of Joan I. Norek 
All rights reserved.
noreklaw, noreklaw.com and PatentAttitude are trademarks and service marks of Joan I. Norek, Chicago, Illinois.

Use of this website does not create an attorney-client relationship.  This website provides information and resources but is neither legal advice nor a substitute for the legal advice of an IP attorney.  Retentions are subject to the discretion of the firm.
This website was designed and constructed by Joan I. Norek.