Copyrights are created when an author
creates a copyrightable work in a fixed medium.
The copyright immediately becomes the property of the individual who
created the work or, if the work is "made for hire" (as not-quite-intuitively
statutorily defined), the employer.
A work is a "work made for
hire" (whereby the employer, not the employee, is considered the author
and thus copyright owner) when:
(Single prong) The work was prepared by an employee (not all "hired"
persons are employees) within the scope of his or her employment; or
The parties expressly agree in a written instrument signed by them that the
work shall be considered a work made for hire, and
The work was specially ordered or commissioned for use as a:
Contribution to a collective work
Part of a motion picture or other audiovisual work
Answer material for a test
other topics -
no idea protection,
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